DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency t.j. Agentúra pre výskum pokročilých obranných projektov) je agentúra ministerstva obrany USA zodpovedná za výskum a vývoj nových vojenských technológií.
EXACTO (Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordnance)
DARPA zverejnila záznam uspešných testov projektu EXACTO
Nasledovný text je 1:1 z oficiálnej stránky DARPA organizácie: darpa.mil
For military snipers, acquiring moving targets in unfavorable conditions, such as high winds and dusty terrain commonly found in Afghanistan, is extremely challenging with current technology. It is critical that snipers be able to engage targets faster, and with better accuracy, since any shot that doesn’t hit a target also risks the safety of troops by indicating their presence and potentially exposing their location.
The Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordnance (EXACTO) system sought to improve sniper effectiveness and enhance troop safety by allowing greater shooter standoff range and reduction in target engagement timelines. The objective of the EXACTO program was to revolutionize rifle accuracy and range by developing the first ever guided small-caliber bullet. The EXACTO 50- caliber round and optical sighting technology was developed to greatly extend the day and nighttime range over current state-of-the-art sniper systems. The system combined a maneuverable bullet and a real-time guidance system to track and deliver the projectile to the target, allowing the bullet to change path during flight to compensate for any unexpected factors that may drive it off course.
Technology development in Phase II included the design, integration and demonstration of aero-actuation controls, power sources, optical guidance systems, and sensors. The program concluded with a system-level live-fire test.